مطالعه ضرایب همبستگی صفت‌های زراعی و تجزیه علیت عملکرد دانه در چاودار

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اصلاح نباتات، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی گیاهان زراعی، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه مراغه، مراغه، ایران

چکیده

چاودار (Secale cereale L.) یکی از گرامینه‌های مهم و با ارزش است که برای تولید نان یا مصرف علوفه مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد. به ‌منظور بررسی روابط بین عملکرد دانه و اجزاء عملکرد، 64 ژنوتیپ مختلف چاودار در آزمایش لاتیس ساده با دو تکرار در سال 1395 در منطقه مراغه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. تجزیه همبستگی نشان داد که عملکرد دانه با صفت‌های وزن سنبله، وزن دانه سنبله، شاخص برداشت سنبله، تعداد دانه در سنبله، تعداد سنبله در واحد سطح و شاخص برداشت همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌دار داشت. با استفاده از تجزیه رگرسیونی گام‌به‌گام سهم هر یک از صفت‌هایی که بیشترین تأثیر را در عملکرد دانه داشتند مشخص گردید صفت‌های وزن دانه سنبله و تعداد سنبله در واحد سطح به مدل رگرسیونی عملکرد دانه واردشده و 75 درصد از تنوع موجود بین ژنوتیپ‌ها را تبیین کردند. بر اساس تجزیه علیت نیز دو صفت مذکور به‌ترتیب با ضرایب 71/0 و 60/0 بیشترین تأثیر مستقیم را روی عملکرد دانه داشتند. از طرف دیگر وزن سنبله بیشترین تأثیر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم را (از طریق افزایش وزن دانه سنبله) بر افزایش عملکرد دانه داشت. به‌طورکلی از این مطالعه مشخص شد که دو صفت وزن دانه سنبله و تعداد سنبله در واحد سطح در اولویت اول و صفت‌های مرتبط با ویژگی‌های سنبله، وزن هزار دانه، قطر ساقه، شاخص برداشت، طول ریشک و ارتفاع گیاه در الویت بعدی بر افزایش عملکرد دانه مؤثر می‌باشند و می‌توان از آن‌ها به‌عنوان شاخص‌هایی برای انتخاب در جهت بهبود عملکرد دانه استفاده نمود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Correlation Coefficients of Agronomic Traits and Path Analysis of Seed Yield in Rye

نویسندگان [English]

  • Khadije Nayebi Aghbolag 1
  • Naser Sabaghnia 2
  • Mokhtar Pasandi Somehsofla 3
  • Mohsen Janmohammadi 2
1 M.Sc. Student of Plant Breeding, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student of Crop Physiology, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh, Maragheh, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
 
Background and Objectives
Rye (Secale cereale L.) is one of the important and valuable Gramineae that is used for bread making and fed in some areas. Identifying correlation coefficients among the measured traits is very important and aids to evaluating the magnitude of interrelationships between how traits can facilitate the application of indirect selection in plant breeding programs. The target of this research was estimating the correlation coefficients, and path analysis among some important traits for selection criteria for improving grain yield in rye.
 
Materials and Methods
In order to evaluate the relationships between seed yield and its components, 64 different rye genotypes were evaluated in simple lattice design with two replications during 2016 in Maragheh region. Phenotypic correlation coefficients were calculated for ten characters during the growing season and the correlation coefficients between grain yield and different characters were subjected to path coefficient analysis separately for partitioning these values into direct and indirect effects. Stepwise regression technique was used to obtain the best fitted model as well as to estimate direct and indirect effects via path coefficient analysis. Applying bootstrap method verified the obtained results from conventional method.
 
Results
Correlation analysis showed that seed yield was associated significantly and positively with spike weight, weight of seeds per spike, harvest index of spike, seed number per spike, number of spike per area and harvest index traits. Using stepwise regression analysis, the share of the most important traits was determined and weight of seeds per spike and number of spike per area entered into regression model and explained 75 percent of the existing variation among genotypes. The results derived from path analysis indicated that, two above mentioned traits had significant effects on seed yield with 0.71 and 0.60 coefficients, respectively. On the other hand, spike weight had the most direct and indirect effects through increasing weight of seeds per spike on seed yield.
 
Discussion
In general, from this study we found that two traits including weight of seeds per spike and number of spike per area as the first order and related traits to spike, thousand seed weight, stem diameter, harvest index, awn length and plant height were in the second order for increasing seed yield and could be used as the selection indices for improving seed yield. Also, the used method for obtaining path coefficients was proved useful in analyzing correlation coefficients in breeding programs for evaluation of interrelated variables.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bootstrap
  • Resampling
  • Stepwise repression
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