اثر عصاره پوست انار، اسانس رزماری و درمنه بر عمر گلجایی گل شاخه بریده داودی (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.)

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران استادیار پژوهشکده گیاهان دارویی و صنعتی، اردکان، ایران

3 استادیار پژوهشکده گیاهان دارویی و صنعتی، اردکان، ایران استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه اردکان، اردکان، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
داودی (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.) یکی از پرطرفدارترین گل‌های تولیدی در دنیا است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثر عصاره پوست سه رقم انار (شهوار دانه سفید، رباب دانه قرمز و ملس پوست سیاه یزد) هر کدام در چهار غلظت صفر، 15، 25 و 50 میلی‌گرم در لیتر و اسانس‌های رزماری و درمنه با چهار غلظت صفر، 25، 50 و 75 میلی‌گرم در لیتر روی عمر گلجایی گل شاخه بریده داودی رقم ‘Ramat’ در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکراردر سال 98-1397 در دانشگاه اردکان، انجام شد. تمام تیمارها حاوی سه درصد ساکارز بودند. بر اساس نتایج گل‌هایی که با 15 میلی‌گرم در لیتر عصاره پوست انار رقم "شهوار دانه سفید" تیمار شدند، بیشترین عمر گلجایی (66/14 روز) را نشان دادند که 10/34 درصد نسبت به شاهد بیشتر بود. کمترین تعداد باکتری در انتهای ساقه گل‌های بریده تیمار‌شده با 25 میلی‌گرم در لیتر اسانس رزماری حاصل شد که 14/70 درصد نسبت به شاهد کمتر بود. با افزایش غلظت عصاره و اسانس، جمعیت باکتری در انتهای ساقه بریده شده به‌طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافت. بیشترین محتوای آب گلبرگ (66/75 درصد) در تیمار 75 میلی‌گرم در لیتر اسانس رزماری حاصل شد. به‌طورکلی همه تیمارهای مورد بررسی نسبت به شاهد قادر به افزایش عمر گلجایی و کاهش وزن تر و بار میکروبی انتهای گل شاخه بریده داودی بودند. همچنین در میان سه عصاره پوست انار، عصاره "شهوار دانه سفید" بیشترین اثر را در افزایش عمر گلجایی، کاهش وزن تر، نشت یونی و بار میکروبی انتهای ساقه نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Pomegranate Peel Extract, Rosmarinus and Artemisia Essential Oils on Vase Life of Cut Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoumeh Ebrahimipour Bafghi 1
  • Maryam Dehestani-Ardakani 2
  • Jalal Gholamnezhad 3
1 M.Sc. Student of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran Assistant Professor, Medicinal and Industrial Plant Research Institute, Ardakan, I. R. Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Medicinal and Industrial Plant Research Institute, Ardakan, I. R. Iran Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
 
Background and Objectives
Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium R.) is one of the most popular cut flowers in the world. Stem end blockage and water stress are two problems in shortening the vase life of cut Chrysanthemum. Essential oils are noble alternative substitutes for silver and chemical compounds because of their antimicrobial activities and environmentally friendly nature of the extracts. A pomegranate peel extract (PGE) was evaluated as a natural antifungal preparation for the control of postharvest rots.
 
Materials and Methods
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of pomegranatepeelextract of three cultivars (‘Shahvar dane sefid’, ‘Rabab dane ghermez’ and ‘Malas Poost Siah Yazdi’) in four concentration of 0, 15, 25 and 50 mg/l and Rosmarinous and Artemisia essential oils in four concentrations of 0, 25, 50 and 75 mg/l on vase life of cut chrysanthemum in a completely randomize design (CRD). Evaluated characteristics were consisted of vase life, stem end bacteria, petals water content, fresh weight loss, electrolyte leakage, protein content and peroxidase enzyme activity.
 
Results
According to the results, flowers treated by 15 mg/l pomogrante peel extract of ‘Shahvar dane sefid’ showed the highest effect on vase life of chrysanthemum with 34.10% higher than control. The lowest population of bacterial in stem end of flowers was obtqined by 25 mg/l Rosmarinus essential oil with 70.14% lower than control. By increasing the extract and essential oils concentrations, bacterial population in stem end of cut flower significantly increased, while peroxidase activity significantly decreased. The lowest fresh weight loss was observed in stems treated with 75 mg/l pomegranate peel extract of ‘Shahvar dane sefid’, 15 mg/l Pomogrante Peel Extract of ‘Rabab Daneh Ghermez’, 25 mg/l Artemissia essential oil and 25 and 50 mg/l Rosmarinous essential oil. The highest petals water content (75.66%) was obtained in 75 mg/l Rosmarinus essential oil. The lowest petals water content (44.66%) was obtained in 75 mg/l Artemisia essential oil. The lowest electrolyte leakage was observed in cut stem floweres that were treated by 15 and 25 mg/l pomegranate peel extract cv.’Malas Poost Siah Yazdi’.
Discussion
Generally, compared to control, all treatments were able to extend vase life and decrease fresh weight and microbial stem end of cut flowers. Also, among three pomegranate peel extracts, extracts of cv. ‘Shahvar dane sefid’ showed the highest effect on extending vase life, decreasing the fresh weight, electrolyte leakage and stem end bacteria, and thus, recommended for extending the vase life of cut flowers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bacteria
  • Peroxidase
  • Petals
  • Weight loss
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